By mapping the Gulag through time we can correct the impression that there was a complete and continuous coverage of the USSR with labour camps in the Stalin era. Mapping Russia’s penal institutions shows how some regions, having acquired a penal function during the Soviet period, continue to perform the same role in the present day. Today’s penal infrastructure largely reflects the decisions made in the 1960s about which penal complexes to retain when the majority of Stalinist camps were closed.
Dominique Moran, Judith Pallot, Laura Piacentini
University of Birmingham, University of Strathclyde